Home > Grammar > [Grammar] #3 -이/가

[Grammar] #3 -이/가

subject marker

The particles -이 and -가 can be appended to nouns or noun phrases to mark them as the subjects in a sentence.


A: 날씨 좋아요. The weather is nice.


B: 정말이네요. It is, isn’t it?


combines with

: Nouns



1. -이

: Nouns ending in a consonant


예뻐요. (옷 + -이)

The clothes are pretty.

기분 좋아요. (기분 + -이)

I feel good.

사람 많아요. (사람 + -이)

There are a lot of people.


2. -가

: Nouns ending in a vowel


커피 맛있어요. (커피 + -가)

The coffee is good.

친구 미국에서 와요. (친구 + -가)

My friend is coming from the U.S.

강아지 산책을 해요. (강아지 + -가)

The dog is taking a walk.


1. Pick the correct variant.


옷_ 예뻐요. The clothes are pretty.


(a) -가  (b) -을  (c) -이 (d) -는


2. Complete the sentence.


___ 많아요. There are a lot of people.


-가 / 사람 / -이 / 적어요


3. Unscramble the sentence.


___ ____. The coffee is good.


커피 / -이 / 맛있어요 / -가


1. (c)  2. 사람이 많아요.  3. 커피가 맛있어요.


00:19 — “내가 좀 이상해” means “I am a little strange”

00:50 — “난 그냥 내가 되고 싶어” means “I just want to be me”


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