Home > Grammar > [Grammar] #16 -기 전에

[Grammar] #16 -기 전에

before doing

-기 전에 is used to indicate that the action in the following clause occurs before the action in the preceding clause.


A: 이제 운동을 시작할까요?

Shall we start working out now?


B: 운동하기 전에 먼저 스트레칭을 해야 해요.

You should stretch before working out.


combines with

: Action verbs


1. statement


외출하기 전에 샤워를 했어요. (외출하다 + -기 전에)

I take a shower before going out.

밥을 먹기 전에 간식을 먹었어요. (먹다 + -기 전에)

I had a snack before eating.

장을 보기 전에 재료를 메모할 거예요. (장을 보다 + -기 전에)

I will make a note of the ingredients before shopping.

청소를 시작하기 전에 창문을 열어야 해요. (시작하다 + -기 전에)

You have to open the windows before you strat cleaning.


2. order


음식을 먹기 전에 손을 씻으세요. (먹다 + -기 전에)

Wash your hands before eating.

여행하기 전에 호텔을 예약하세요. (여행하다 + -기 전에)

Book a hotel before you travel.

바지를 사기 전에 한번 입어 보세요. (사다 + -기 전에)

Try on the pants before you buy them.

엘리베이터에서 사람이 내리기 전에 타지 마세요. (내리다 + -기 전에)

Don’t get on the elevator before people get off.


1. Pick the correct pattern.


여행하_ __ 호텔을 예약하세요.  Book a hotel before you travel.


(a) -기 전에  (b) -고 나서


2. Complete the sentence.


__ __ __ ___ 메모할 거예요.

I will take a note of the ingredients before going to the grocery store.


재료를 / 장을 보다 / -기 전에 / -ㄴ 후에


3. Unscramble the sentence.


_______ ____ ___ __ __ ___.

Don’t get on the elevator before people get off.


사람들이 / 엘리베이터에서 / -기 전에 / 내리다 / 타지 마세요



1. (a)  

2. 장을 보기 전에 재료를 메모할 거예요.

3. 엘리베이터에서 사람들이 내리기 전에 타지 마세요.


01:44 — “무뎌지기 전에 아물기도 전에 잔뜩 헤집어 놓아” means “You mess it up before it gets dull, before it even heals”

25:38 — “제가 나가기 전에 제 이름 불러주시기 바랍니다” means “Please call my name before I leave”


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