Home > Grammar > [Grammar] #6 -았/었/였어요

[Grammar] #6 -았/었/였어요

past tense

Ending a sentence with -았어요/었어요/했어요 makes it an informal but polite sentence in the past tense.


A: 그 영화 어땠어요? How was the movie?


B: 영화가 재미있었어요. The movie was fun.


combines with

: Action verbs & Descriptive verbs



1. -았어요

: Verbs with stems ending in ㅏ or ㅓ


인사동에 사람이 많았어요. (많다 + -았어요)

There were many people in Insa-dong.

졸려서 그냥 잤어요. (자다 + -았어요)

I was sleepy so I just slept.



2. -었어요

: Verbs with stems not ending in ㅏ or ㅓ


점심에 뭐를 먹었어요? (먹다 + -었어요)

What did you eat for lunch?

아까 커피를 마셨어요. (마시다 + -었어요)

I drank coffee earlier.


3. -했어요(하다+-였어요)

: 하다 verbs


지난 주말에 쇼핑했어요. (쇼핑하다 + -였어요)

I did shopping last weekend.

어제 운동했어요. (운동하다 + -였어요)

I exercised yesterday.


1. Pick the correct variant.


가다 to go


(a) -었어요  (b) -았어요  (c) -였어요


2. Complete the sentence.


인사동에 사람이 ____. There were a lot of people in Insa-dong.


많다 / -았어요 / -었어요 / 크다


3. Unscramble the sentence.


__ ___ ____. I drank coffee earlier.


-았어요 / 커피를 / 마시다 / -었어요 / 아까


1. (b)  2. 인사동에 사람이 많았어요. 3. 아까 커피를 마셨어요.


02:49 — “오늘 하루도 아주 즐거웠어요” means “Today was really fun, too”

01:10 — “그동안 재미있었어요?” means “Did you have fun while it lasted?”


If you found this post enjoyable, you’re already halfway to experiencing the joy of Learning Korean with Mirinae!

Mirinae offers a diverse range of content, including K-pop videos, K-drama videos, interactive lessons, and much more.


Mirinae is a new kind of learning system tuned especially for learning Korean that integrate engaging, interactive lessons with deep AI. It covers all formal Korean, as well as idiomatic Korean, for a truly deep curriculum.

Mirinae Explorer is a unique explanatory learning resource for Korean students at all levels. It utilizes advanced artificial intelligence to enable students to explore and deeply understand the Korean language wherever they encounter it. 

Mirinae Library is a comprehesive grammar resource that provides various examples to aid Korean understanding.


Begin your journey today by downloading our mobile app. You’ll be a fluent Korean speaker before you know it!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *