Home > Grammar > [Grammar] #12 -고 있다

[Grammar] #12 -고 있다

present progressive (be-ing)

-고 있다 indicates that the action or the result of the act mentioned in the preceding statement is ongoing.


A: 지금 뭐 하고 있어요?

What are you doing now?


B: 도서관 앞에서 친구를 기다리고 있어요.

I am waiting for my friend in front of the library.


combines with

: Action verbs


1. the action is ongoing


교실 앞에서 자기 소개를 하고 있습니다. (소개를 하다 + -고 있다)

I am introducing myself in front of the classroom.

형은 방에서 무엇을 하고 있어요? (무엇을 하다 + -고 있다)

What is your brother doing in his room?

여행을 가려고 아르바이트를 하고 있어요. (아르바이트를 하다 + -고 있다)

I am taking part-time job to go on a trip.


2. the result of the action is ongoing


왜 계속 모자를 쓰고 있어? (모자를 쓰다 + -고 있다)

Why do you keep wearing a hat?

제가 맛있는 식당을 알고 있습니다. (알다 + -고 있다)

I know a delicious restaurant.

저기 꽃을 들고 있는 사람이 제 남자 친구예요. (꽃을 들다 + -고 있다)

The person holding the flower over there is my boyfriend.


1. Pick the correct variant.


모자를 쓰다 to wear a hat


(a) -어 있다  (b) -고 있다


2. Complete the sentence.


__ __ ___는 사람이 제 ____야.

The person over there holding a flower is my boyfriend.


-고 있다 / 남자 친구 / -어 있다 / 꽃을 들다 / 저기


3. Unscramble the sentence.


___ ___ ______ __ ___. I am taking a part-time job to go on a trip.


아르바이트를 하다 / -려고 해요 / -고 있어요 / 여행을 / 가려고



1. (b)  2. 저기 꽃을 들고 있는 사람이 제 남자 친구야.  3. 여행을 가려고 아르바이트를 하고 있어요.


01:54 — “창문 너머로 너를 계속 불러 보고 있어” means “I keep calling you through the window”

23:30 — “내 말 듣고 있어?” means “Are you listening to me?”


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